Where to Go for Hatsumode
Start the New Year with Osaka Metro
The night of Near Year’s eve into the morning of the New Year’s Day is a special time around the world. In Japan, the first sunrise on January 1st is called “Hatsu Hinode” and many people make a special trip to go see the first sunrise and visit shrines. The beginning of the new year is a day to refresh the frame of our minds.
Osaka Metro trains will operate every 30 minutes throughout the night on New Year’s Eve, after the last train on December 31 through the first train on January 1. (New Tram will run every 10 to 20 minutes.) Trains of other Kansai railway companies will also be in operation all night. Do check their timetable beforehand because the number of trains or operating lines may be limited.
New Year’s Visit to A Shrine
In Japan, it is customary to visit a shrine to pray for a peaceful year when the new year arrives. This is called Hatsumode, literally meaning the first visit or first pilgrimage. Sumiyoshi Taisha is said to have the most Hatsumode visitors in Osaka and some 2 million people visit this famous shrine at the beginning of every year. While there’s no specific rule, many go for Hatsumode on January 1 or, if not, by the 3rd day of the new year.
Some shrines designate certain days and times for prayers—something to consider when deciding where to go.
Take Osaka Metro to Hatsumode☆
Traditionally, people visited shrines in the neighborhood but, in recent times, more and more people go out farther to a shrine that offers blessings for the specific wish they have. Take a moment and think about your wish and goals for the year and find a shrine that fits your needs.
Here’re some spots in Osaka that are great for Hatsumode!
Tsuyunoten Shrine for Love-related Wishes
In the tragic story of “Sonezaki Shinju”—the love suicides at Sonezaki—written by Chikamatsu Monzaemon for ningyo joruri (Japanese traditional puppet theater) during the Edo period (1603-1868), a couple pursues each other despite obstacles and decides to die together in Sonezaki where the shrine is located. The story is an example of true love, popular among women still today. The shrine is also known as “Ohatsu-tenjin,” taking the name of the heroin, Ohatsu.
Osaka Temmangu for Scholarship
Affectionately called “Temma no Tenjin-san” (Tenjin-san of Temma) by the locals, Osaka Temmangu is known for its deity of scholarship and often visited by students preparing for school entrance exams. The shrine also offers a variety of amulets and ema (small wooden plaques for prayers or wishes) to grant other non-academic wishes. On July 24th and 25th every year, Osaka Temmangu hosts the Tenjin Matsuri Festival, one of Japan’s three major festivals.
Hokoku Shrine for Career Success
Located within the Osaka Castle Park, Hokoku Shrine is dedicated to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a famous general and politician who built the castle in the 16th century. Born a son of a peasant, Hideyoshi advanced his career serving multiple samurai clans in various capacity until he reached the top. Today, Hideyoshi is one of the most famous samurais, known for unifying the country. Taking after Hideyoshi’s legacy, this shrine is perfect for those with high ambitions. An amulet with a design of hyotan gourd, a trademark of Hideyoshi, is popular at this shrine.
Sukunahikona Shrine for Good Health
Known amongst Osakans as the deity of health and medicine, Sukunahikona Shrine occupies a portion of a business district filled with major pharmaceutical companies. The shrine offers prayers for pets, important members of many families, making it a great spot for Hatsumode with pets!
Steps of Worship
Once you know your destination, learn how to offer prayers at a shrine. By properly offering respects to deities, your prayer may be heard.
- Throw a small offering (coins/cash) into the offertory box with gratitude. If there’re bells (above the offertory box), ring them by shaking the thick rope after you give your offering.
- Face the alter and stand with your back straight.
- Bow deeply twice, with your hands lowered down to the knees. Ideally, your body is bent at the hip about 90 degrees. (Keep your upper body straight throughout as you bow.)
- Bring your hands together in front of your chest, pull your right hand in just a bit, and clap twice.
- Bring your right hand back in place and pray with your eyes closed.
- Repeat the bow from Step 3 before stepping down.
Be mindful and offer prayers respectfully following these procedures.
There’s no rule for how much the small offerings should be. If you look to Japanese superstition, a little play on words would tell you 5 yen (reads “go-en” in Japanese) brings you “goen,” a chance or luck, while 11 yen brings you good luck (11 yen can be read “ii en,” “ii” meaning good in Japanese). Similarly, Japanese 5-yen and 50-yen coins—which have a hole in the middle—give you a good “mitooshi,” a good outlook or prospect for your future.
[Access] About 3 mins walk from Exit 7 at Higashi-Umeda Station
About 5 mins walk from Exit 15 at Umeda Station, about 9 mins walk from Exit 6 at Nishi-Umeda Station
[Access] About 2 mins walk from Exit 4-A at Minamimorimachi Station.
[Access] About 12 mins walk from Exit 3-B at Morinomiya Station.
About 14 mins walk from Exit 1-B at Tanimachi 4-chome Station, about 15 mins walk from Exit 3 at Temmabashi Station.
[Access] About 2 mins walk from Exit 6 at Kitahama Station.
About 6 mins walk from Exit 11 at Yodoyabashi Station.
[Hours] Gates open at 6:30am; close at 6:30pm
※Hours for Hatsumode
January 1 Open at midnight; close at 7pm
January 2 & 3 Open at 6:30am; close at 6:30pm